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                首頁>考試頻道>外語>留學英語>GRE

                GRE閱讀長難句如何解

                2017-04-12來源:

                  

                  雖然GRE考試在不斷地改革,但是總的來說,考察的東西沒有太大的變化。本文小編為銆? 銆? 鈼? 鈼? 鈼? 鈻? 唯 大家解析了GRE閱讀長難句,希望蠅銆對大家備考有所幫助。

                  1、長成分

                  1)長從句做主味銆語、賓語及其鈾? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 锔? 锔? 锔? 锔? 陇他成分

                  a、主語從句 b、賓語從句

                  2)長狀語

                  3)層層修飾

                  4)並列成分

                  2、常見倒裝搭配

                  (1)及物動詞加介詞味銆:固定詞組的固定搭配中,經常出現倒裝情況蠅,如:bring A to B,寫作:bring to B A

                  例:Yet Waltzer’s argument , however deficient , does point to one ofthe most serious weaknesses of capitalism-namely , that it brings topredominant positions in a society people who ,no matter howlegitimately they have earned their material rewards , often lack thoseother qualities that evoke affection or admiration.

                  類似的情況蠅銆:throw over , insert into , import into , infer from, establish for, advocate as 等

                  (2)及物動鈥? 鈼? 鈼? 詞加副詞

                  例:make possible …(單詞锛?或者句子)

                  3、省略的幾種情況鈻°

                  (1)重復鈭戙的成分

                  (2)讓步轉折的省略:如although (but)

                  (3)定語從鈱掋句引導詞的省略which(that )

                  (4)定語從句的引導詞和系動詞同時省略,變成後置定蠅語

                  如:qualities(such as “the capacity for hard work”) essential in producing wealth

                  4、 短語被分割

                  如:such as, so that , too to , more than , from A to B , between A and B

                  5、多重否定

                  如:Despite these vague categories , one should not claimunequivocally that hostility between recognizable classes cannot belegitimately observed .

                  6、難句分析舉例

                  Such large, impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatlyincreased the numbers and importance of shareholders as a class , anelement in national life representing irresponsible wealth detachedfrom the land and the duties of the landowners; and almost equallydetached from the responsible management of business.[句子主幹]Such large,impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly increased…shareholders as a class, (which was) an element…

                  [語法難點]本句是典型的非限定性定語從句,難點在其主語和賓語都有較長的短語和of結構限定,並且分句是由兩個and相連的3個部分鈱掋組成的。分句 an element…landowners 又帶有兩個定語從句,一個是(which was)representing…,另一個是(which was)detached…可見,定語從句的難點在於經常省略“引導詞+be”的結構,從而在理解上容易和分詞結構相混淆。

                  [句子翻譯] 對資本和企業的這種大規模的非個人操縱大大增加了股東作為一個階級的數量和重要性。這個階層作為國計民生的一部分,代表了非個人責任的財富與土地及土地所鈾? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 銆? 锔? 锔? 锔? 锔? 陇有者應盡義務的分離,而且也幾乎與責任管理相分離。



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